Vitamins and Minerals
by Edward Group
theyre in almost everything we eat and drink, many people
arent exactly clear what the distinction is between vitamins
and dietary minerals. Were told theyre important and
we need them to keep us healthy, but whats the difference?
essential nutrients that our bodies require to function. Prolonged
deficiency can seriously impact our overall health. In extreme
examples it can even be life-threatening.
our bodies need generally fall into one of two primary categories
soluble, and fat soluble. Water soluble vitamins are found in
whole grains, fruits, and vegetables. These include B complex and
C vitamins, among others. Because they break down easily in water,
our bodies are able to flush away excess water-soluble vitamins
when we use
the bathroom. While this means that they are almost impossible
to overdose on, it also means that our bodies need an ongoing daily
supply to stay alive.
vitamins, as their name suggests, are absorbed by stored body fat.
Unlike their water-soluble counterparts, they can be stored for
later use. Although our bodies need this type of vitamin less often,
over consumption can be dangerous. Examples of fat soluble-vitamins
include A, D, E, and K. These are found most abundantly in naturally
fatty foods, such as oily fish, dairy, beef. Vegetarian and vegan-friendly
sources include a wide variety of fruits and vegetables, although
in much lower concentrations than in animal-based options.
One of the
easiest ways to distinguish between water-soluble and fat-soluble
vitamins, when shopping for food at the store, is to look at the
overall percentage of total daily requirement. Water-soluble vitamins
will often appear in obscenely large amounts many over-the-counter
multivitamins, for example, contain several hundred, or even thousands
of, times the normal recommended amount. Fat-soluble vitamins, conversely,
rarely appear in concentrations that exceed 25-50% of their total
daily recommended amount.
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