Congressman Ron Paul: Archives
the Ron Paul File
They Go Again
Time for the US to wade in Arab blood again.
Who Tell the Truth About Government Tyranny
Should be hailed, says Ron Paul, not disappeared.
Bankruptcy of Empire
Paul on the latest going-out-of-business sale.
War, and Banking
Ron Paul tells Lew Rockwell what we all need to hear.
Public Schools Be Even Stupider?
Coming up. So homeschool!
Real Trouble With the IRS
It's their job to rob us at the point of a gun, says Ron Paul.
Lost in Boston
The militarized police state won.
Fear To Steal Liberty
It's the same old government scam.
Beyonce, and Me
Why can't we all travel to Cuba? Ron Paul wants to know.
Future of Liberty
Ron Paul on homeschooling.
Great Fractional-Reserve Bank Robbery
We ain't seen nothin' yet.
Kristol and Other Neocon Conspirators
fight their lying promotion of war with all our might.
Ron Paul on Congressmen.
Paul With an AR-15
A classic defense of gun ownership.
Liars in DC
Let's take a meat axe to the empire, and really give them something
to moan about.
Need Gun Control
To disarm federal agents who seize raw milk, for example.
Ron Paul on the flying police state.
6,000 Years, Gold Has Been Money
Ron Paul on currency wars.
Obamas New National Security Team, Keep Your Eye on the Policy
Paul's Monetary Policy Anthology
Year's Resolutions for Congress
By the Sword?
Die by the sword.
to the Immigration Police State
Ron Paul on what's ahead.
Uranium, and Murderous Power
Ron Paul on another aggressive, undeclared US war.
About Krugman's trillion dollar coin, says Ron Paul.
NRA Is Wrong
Government security is just another form of violence, says Ron Paul.
Paul's Parthian Shot at the Criminal Congress
Don't tell me we need a military empire, he says.
Are they really supposed to make us "safer"?
It's another government trick to make you poorer, says Ron Paul.
Hypocritical States of America
And its biased Israel-Palestine policy.
5 Gravest Dangers to a Free Society
Ron Paul on what is to be done.
Paul Likes Price Gouging
It's necessary to human survival.
the Gaza Prison Camp
A classic Ron Paul interview.
If you can't secede from oppressive government, says Ron Paul.
Paul's 32 Questions
Could the establishment even begin to answer them?
Paul's Farewell to Congress
So long, politics hello, a future of liberty.
Is Worse Than Sandy
Ron Paul on real disaster.
Ron Paul Is So Optimistic
About teaching freedom, our path forward, and the example of the
Hate Affordable Housing
But cheap homes are the solution to the crisis, says Ron Paul.
Libertarian Prairie Fire
Ron Paul, who set it alight, talks to Lew Rockwell about its speed
Chaos Is Coming
Because of massive dependence on government, says Ron Paul.
Myth of a US Free Market
Ron Paul on the consequences of trying to rule the globe.
And hurting, perhaps destroying, us. Ron Paul on the Fed lunatics.
America From Becoming a Democracy
Ron Paul on why it's a republic.
Long Will the Dollar Remain the World's Reserve Currency?
You Hear a Politician
Think of George Orwell.
Do Neoconservatives Believe?
Ron Paul on a most influential grouplet.
Must Have Parallel Currencies
Let's Kill the Syrians and Partition Their Country
The bloodthirsty are licking their chops.
Problem, as Usual, Is the Government
Ron Paul talks to Tim Geithner.
State Can't Protect Us
It can only loot and lord it over us.
Paul's Parthian Shot
Ben Bernanke's full of arrows.
Banksters' Most Deadly Trick
Ron Paul on fractional reserves.
vs. Sound Money and Banking
Ron Paul warns the neocons.
Will the US Murder Syria?
Ron Paul speaks out for peace.
Economic Cliff Ahead
Don't drive off it.
CIA Seeks To Destroy Syria
Hands off, says Ron Paul.
We Face This Immense Evil?
Ron Paul on capital controls.
Truth to Obscene Power
Ron Paul, Peter Klein, and Jeff Herbener vs. the US Congress, its
banksters, and its printing press.
the US Go To War for Israel?
NO, says Ron Paul.
Ron Paul on why it must be eradicated.
Horrific Costs of War
Ron Paul on what the power elite inflict on us and the world.
Is the New SOPA
Unwise, Dollar Insane
Ron Paul on what the effective death of the smallest coins means.
Obama Gets an F
Absurdity of 'Judicial Review'
This unconstitutional power was usurped by the Supreme Court, says
a Member of the Ruling Class
Ron Paul vs. the prez of the NY Fed.
Paul Schools Wall Street's Treasury Secretary
Listen up, Timmy Geithner.
Holder as Commissar
Or is that Gauleiter?
The Forgotten Cause
From a 1998 private conference, Ron Paul challenges all who want
a free society. A classic!
Jackboot Is on Our Throats
It's powered by government debt, says Ron Paul.
Rotten Monetary Policy Is Wrecking Us
Ron Paul challenges Ben Bernanke.
Classic Ron Paul on the authoritarian pro-war conservatives who
dominate the GOP.
the American Republic Is To Be Restored
We must have peace and neutrality, says Ron Paul.
Off the Internet
Ron Paul on State-corporatist censorship.
Burden Threatens American Families
to the Police State
Ron Paul on repealing the Bill of Rights.
Coming Bailouts of Europe
They will be the anti-bailouts of you, says Ron Paul.
To Understand Ron Paul's True Foreign Policy?
He's a champion of peace, reason, and liberty.
Paul Hits It Out of the Park
See his masterful performance at the ABC Iowa debate.
Crisis Destabilizing the Dollar
the Super Committee
Debt Crisis Threatens the Dollar
Paul on World-Wide Counterfeiting
The new and frightening reality.
1st Step to Mass Murder
Ron Paul on the most vicious violation of free trade, US sanctions.
Paul Takes Down Bob Schieffer
The peace candidate Faces the Nation, and leaves a CBS shill for
the warfare state sputtering.
Paul on Waco
And other crimes of the State. Interview by Alberto Mingardi and
Paul's Greatest Interview?
He talks gold, silver, and much more in this classic with Mike Maloney.
Ron Paul on the latest neocon attack.
Ron Paul on Obama's withdrawal from Iraq.
the people of Tennessee.
Is Beating, Looting, Caging, Killing
Ron Paul on the Republican error of thinking it can be run like
Ron Paul on yet another dangerous precedent for dictatorship.
Paul's Golden Rule for the World
Explained in 3 minutes, 11 seconds.
the Financial Power Elite
Ron Paul schools Timothy Geithner.
The market cries out.
How Much Are the Banksters Stealing?
Audit Bernanke, says Ron Paul.
We Support Palestine or Israel?
How about supporting America, asks Ron Paul.
Be Stuck With Depreciating Greenbacks?
Ron Paul on ending the Fed's disastrous monopoly.
Time, Let's Ask the Right Questions
Ron Paul on getting to the bottom of 09/11/01.
To Show True Compassion?
Get rid of FEMA, says Ron Paul.
Accomplished in Libya?
Marco Polo wrote about it, says Ron Paul.
Best Ron Paul Interview Ever?
Ron Paul schools neocon Chris Wallace, who is suddenly respectful.
Feds Can't Make Us Safe
But they sure are experts at endangering us.
S&P is just tinder for the US financial inferno, says Ron Paul.
Gift to the Merchants of Death
Ron Paul on the "super-congress."
Looting the American People
Step #1, freeze the budget, says Ron Paul.
Fed's Funny Money
Ron Paul on QEs and trouble.
You Have a Pesky Neighbor...
Ron Paul on seeing through the debt-ceiling lies.
Republican Spending Fraud
Ron Paul on the evil "cut, cap, balance."
Banking Cartels Enslave Us
Time for liberation, says Ron Paul.
the Dollar Monopoly
Ron Paul on competing currencies.
Economics, and Raw Milk
Ron Paul talks to Joe Mercola.
With Their Heads!
Metaphorically speaking. Ron Paul on the TSA thugs.
Let the Petrocrats Attack Tax Credits
They reduce federal revenue, and let people keep more of their own
Poor Children and Grandchildren?
Then don't do these four things, says Ron Paul.
Ron Paul on the stealth Libya scam.
Predator Drone in Chief
Ron Paul on lying about war and peace.
Paul: 'I'm Running Against John Maynard Keynes'
Ron talks to Lew about the meaning of his campaign.
Is a War Criminal
Ron Paul on the assault on Libya.
Paul Says: Fess Up, Fed
Tell the truth about your depredations.
Acts for the American Dictatorship
Ron Paul on the battle we're in.
Against the debt ceiling.
No more prohibitionism against unpasteurized milk, says Ron Paul.
Ron Paul on what the corporate, counterfeiting state has done to
Ridiculous Fed Press Conference
Ron Paul takes it apart.
Cuts Are Meaningless
Unless we can hamstring the Fed, says Ron Paul, who is just the
man to do it.
Paul at St. Anselm’s Collge
Wowing the kids in New Hampshire.
Paul's 2012 Campaign Book
Ron explains the 50 urgent issues affecting our freedom, in
Days of Our Overlords Are Numbered
Ron Paul on how and why.
Fed Promotes War
Or is that one of its reasons for existence?
Principles of a Free Society
A peek at Liberty
Defined by Ron Paul.
Neocon War To Remake the Middle East
call it a war. Article by Ron Paul.
Problems With the Libyan War
Fed Is Attacking Your Family
What are you going to do about it?
Enemy, the Fed
Ron Paul on Bernanke's latest crime spree.
Won't fly, says Ron Paul.
Sensible Monetary Policy
Only creates more enemies, says Ron Paul.
Ron Paul Running for President?
Listen to his podcast with Lew Rockwell and decide.
Stop Depreciating the Dollar
Ron Paul schools Bernanke.
the Criminal Gang
Of welfare and warfare.
at the Fed
Ron Paul on the criminal counterfeiters.
Ron Paul on US evil in Egypt.
Guys in a Marble Palace
They put poor people out of work. Ron Paul on the Fed.
Constitution-talk is just another trick.
Despicable Push for Gun Control
The state always seeks to disarm the people.
We can have one, says Ron Paul.
This Through Your Noggin
Social Security is not insurance.
You Keep Your Own Money
That is hardly a government subsidy.
And roast it on a spit. Ron Paul has plans.
Warmongering vs. WikiLeaks Truth
Ron Paul on the real issue.
vs. the State
Ron Paul on the only side to take.
One Non-Interventionist in Congress
Ron Paul on not meddling in China's affairs.
Start Another Korean War
Ron Paul calls on Obama and the neocons to stop their bloody schemes.
To Strangle the Goverment
Don't raise the debt ceiling, says Ron Paul.
Air Travelers Criminal Suspects?
We're all suspects to the State.
Paul: Opt Out of the TSA
back our dignity!
World Shorts the Dollar
Ron Paul on what that means (and how right they are).
the Welfare-Warfare State
It's our only hope, says Ron Paul.
Paul for Chairman
A podcast with Lew Rockwell on auditing the gold, and giving the
Fed and the banksters a hotfoot.
Welfare for the Totaliban
Ron Paul on anti-Iranian meddling in cahoots with the dictatorial,
Death of the Dollar
Ron Paul on the threat from the Fed.
Spooked Economy in October
Live in Revolutionary Times'
Ron Paul on real change from the grassroots.
Demagoguing the Mosque
Ron Paul on conservatives vs. property rights and freedom of religion.
Trouble With Unconstitutional Wars
And wars period.
in Government Cages
Ron Paul on a baby step towards justice.
Spooks Per Al-Qaeda Member
Yes, it's US "intelligence."
Corruption and Waste in Afghanistan
Fraud of War
Ron Paul on the "war on terror."
Ron Paul on Obama's chickenhawk sanctions against the Iranian people.
Government Lawyer Hive
Ron Paul on the "Justice" dept.
Much Government in the Gulf
Ron Paul on the BP imbroglio.
vs. the Greenback
Ron Paul on the shaky world financial system. A podcast with Lew
We should love it.
of the Cold, Cruel State
Put patients and doctors back in charge of medical care, says Ron
Trouble With the '64 Civil Rights Act
Ron Paul on federal power vs. freedom.
Ron Paul on congress and the military-industrial complex.
Real Identity Thief
Ron Paul on the government.
Ron Paul on legalizing a useful agricultural commodity.
There Any Gold in Ft. Knox?
Ron Paul wants to audit that too. A podcast with Lew Rockwell.
Well, not quite, but they did freeze their own pay.
Call Obama a Socialist
He's a corporatist, says Ron Paul.
Ron Paul defends the innocent against congressional killers.
the Criminal Insanity
Start by decriminalizing marijuana, says Ron Paul.
End the mandate, says Ron Paul.
the Depreciated Buck
The feds blame others for the financial crisis.
They don't mix, says Ron Paul. (Except in napalm.)
Paul Says: 'Read These Books'
His Revolution reading list.
Ron Paul tries to teach them to the Obamasites.
Bigwigs Attack Ron Paul
A podcast with Ron on Fed secrecy, Obamacrud, and the earmarks scam.
New IRS Agents
And other blessings of health reform.
Is No Right to Health Care
Ron Paul on medical-political myths.
Crips and Bloods
Ron Paul on congressional chickenhawks.
Ron Paul on the latest Schumer-Lindsey scam for evil.
Ron Paul on Andrew Napolitano's Lies
the Government Told You.
A little too personal, says Ron Paul.
Ron Paul Were President
Here's what he'd do.
Ron Paul on the sicko government.
One year after the crime.
Secret Fed Bailout?
This time of the Greek welfare state.
Spending Is Always the Answer
Reform Is a Lump of Coal
Fed's Money Monopoly
Decides, the Individual or the State?
Dr. Ron Paul on vitamins, dietary supplements, and health freedom.
Out of Yemen
No more empire, says Ron Paul.
Ron Paul on the US warfare state.
Ron Paul on what happened to the Republicans.
None of Your Business!
Ron Paul on the trouble with the US census.
It's the monetary reform we desperately need, says Ron Paul.
the US Colonize and Militarize Haiti?
No, says Ron Paul, and not in the name of humanitarianism either.
the Fed Schemes for 'Independence'
Make that "gang-like secrecy."
Decade of Zero
Ron Paul on the bitter fruits of Keynesianism.
Sanctions Against Iranians
They're a precursor to a war of aggression, says Ron Paul.
the Iranians? No!
Paul on the immorality and criminality of anti-civilian sanctions.
Time To Leave Afghanistan
Now, Ron Paul tells Gen. Stanley McChrystal.
Ron Paul on one libertarian solution to the Fed.
the Fed Attached as an Amendment
The Paul-Grayson amendment.
State Approaches You With a Poison Needle
Ron Paul on healthcare reform.
Statistics and Lies
Is there a difference?
Nothing else is acceptable, says Ron Paul.
and Moral Courage
Lew Rockwell on the real lesson.
Ron Paul responds to the stato-senator who attacked him.
Face in Afghanistan
But not Afghan and US blood and property.
Paul and Alan Grayson Want the Answers
Or else: no renomination for Ben Bernanke.
Enough of these sickening state crimes, says Ron Paul.
Ron Paul on the real reasons for central bank secrecy.
Can End the Fed
Ron Paul asks for our help.
Government Is Poison
Ron Paul on the Obamacare plot.
Fed's Interesting Week
Ron Paul vs. the central bank.
Ron Paul on the free market.
Ron Paul on a malignant fairy tale.
Paul: 'Obama Deserves an F'
Though Bush and congress share in the blame.
Can't we all agree that this is immoral?
the Fed Has Done to Us
Ron Paul on the Giant Counterfeiter.
Obamacare is monstrous: scrap it.
To Ron Paul on the Fed.
Paul Answers the Big Question
How the heck did he raise all that money?
Myth of Fed Independence
Ron Paul on one of the state's useful lies.
Pollsters, Include Ron Paul
He's far more credible than the other Republicans.
Ron Paul on health care.
Embrace Ron Paul
But they can't be trusted, of course.
Paul Is the Doctor of Love
After all, he's always told us to make love, not war.
Independence = Fed Secrecy
Ron Paul on a central bank shibboleth.
Paul Stands Up to Goliath
He's a genuine hero, in a political world of sleazy rip-off artists.
the Fight for Freedom on the Fourth
Paul is a modern Founder.
Against the Fed.
Republicans Are Rudderless
Does that mean Ron Paul in 2012?
of a Sudden, Congress is Paying Attention to Ron Paul
theyre suspicious of the Fed.
the Shroud Off the Fed
Ron Paul's anti-Fed bill is gathering steam.
Paul Storms the Federal Reserve
And this is just the beginning, Bernanke. Article by Matt Collins.
Us Closer to Economic Collapse
Ron Paul on international bailouts.
With the Fed!
US News interviews Ron Paul.
They Want To Prohibit Tobacco
Ron Paul on the war on free choice.
World's Most Popular Congressman
Ron Paul, of course.
Ron Paul is the lone dissenter in the House of Hyenas, again.
More Murderous Rip-Offs
Ron Paul on war spending.
Paul Support Surges
For his Audit the Fed bill.
31,478 scientists deny it.
Emperors, Same Empire
Ron Paul is interviewed by Kathleen Wells.
Ron Paul on how to kick the habit, interviewed by Scott Horton.
Pry Into Our Intimate Secrets
Ron Paul talks to the Congress about government spying.
Keep your cotton-pickin' hands off Americans, says Ron Paul.
Off China, Congress
Tiananmen Square is none of your business. But, you hypocrites,
US torture is.
Feds Want To Peek at Your Most Intimate Records
Ron Paul on the peeping toms of healthcare.
Ron Paul tries to talk some sense into Bernanke.
Which way America?
A Ron Paul dialogue with the Fedhead.
Paul Tells Bernanke the Truth
But did it work? Nope.
Then end it. Ron Paul on the central bank.
Out of Pakistan
Ron Paul tries to straighten out Ben Bernanke.
Here, Uncle Ben
Ron Paul tries to straighten out Bernanke.
Listen, Dr. B.
Ron Paul tries to talk sense to Ben Bernanke.
the Fed, and Tomorrow
A podcast with Ron Paul.
Me Explain, Ben
Ron Paul talks to the Fed chairman about money.
Explaining to Ben
Ron Paul educated Bernanke about what was ahead.
A classic Ron Paul talk with Ben Bernanke.
As the people get poorer.
to Burt Blumert
Ron Paul remembers his friend, colleague, and business partner.
the Israel-Egypt 'Peace' Treaty
It ripped off the US taxpayer, says Ron Paul.
This Pervasive Government Evil
Ron Paul on the war on drugs.
Real Economic Stimulus?
Allow bankruptcy to reign, says Ron Paul.
the Meaning of 'Earmarks'
Ron Paul on yet another neocon fraud.
Texas Occupied By a Foreign Military
Would Texans like it?
Spending the Answer?
Ron Paul on Keynesian baloney.
Stop hiding your crimes! Ron Paul on transparency.
Intervening in the Economy
You're killing us.
the Fed Transparent
We at least need to see how we are being looted, says Ron Paul.
To Understand the Economic Crisis?
Then read Meltdown,
says Ron Paul.
Don't reinstate the draft, says Ron Paul.
Obama Doesn't Understand
Freedom from government is freedom.
Ron Paul on abolishing the monster.
Change, Real Stimulus
Ron Paul on curing our economic disease.
Biggest Bubble in the History of the World
They're terrified in DC, says Ron Paul. (Podcast.)
To the bottom.
Paul on the congressional Gaza resolution.
for Peace and Nonintervention
Ron Paul on a foreign policy of freedom.
More Regulation Solve the Mess?
A prescient Ron Paul speech about Enron.
Is Reason for Hope
Ron Paul podcast on the crisis and the future of liberty.
the Bailout for a Second
They're wrecking the dollar, says Ron Paul.
Ron Paul on the Fed.
Ron Paul remembers a fellow freedom-fighter and champion of the
Ron Paul Foreign Policy
Golden Rule for other countries (video).
Austrians Were Right
Ron Paul on the Depression and what to do about it.
A people's interview with Ron Paul.
the Auto Bailout
The Chrysler one. Ron Paul was right then too.
March Toward Dictatorship
It's now in double-time, says Ron Paul.
divides. Article by Ron Paul.
Chairmen I've Known (and Fought)
Podcast of Ron Paul's talk at the Mises Institute.
Moral Hazard of Regulation
Ron Paul on how it really works.
Us into Oblivion
Ron Paul on the economic planners.
Economic Crisis and the Future
A podcast with The Man, Ron Paul.
Big To Fail?
Ron Paul on US fascism.
Evil of Bailout
It is like curing a sick person with poison.
Unfortunately for us.
Lipstick on a Bailout
And it's still a swindle.
Paul on Iraq
He is a prophet about war too.
Austrian School and the Meltdown
Ron Paul on real economics.
Ron Paul on the Fed-Wall Street swindle.
Paul Speaks Truth to Power
Before the Joint Economic Committee and the Financial Services Committee.
Paul Talks to Lew Rockwell
About the Fed, the Constitution, the crisis, the war, and his historic
coalition press conference (podcast).
the Federal Gang?
Ron Paul on trusting government.
Government We Trust?
More Nato Members
The prophetic Ron Paul.
for the Blind and the Sighted
Jingoism and Hypocrisy
Ron Paul on congressional China-hatred.
In economics as well as foreign policy.
Aid for Aids
It's immoral and unconstitutional, says Ron Paul.
End it, says Ron Paul.
Ron Paul on the real meaning of inflation.
Crisis Is Upon Us
Ron Paul on the depression.
the Printing Press!
Ron Paul on monetary destruction and the F-F bailout.
a Crime To Foment a War
Ron Paul on a bombing in Argentina, and the schemed bombing of Iran.
Outrageous Iran War Resolution
Ron Paul for peace and against more neocon murder.
Ron Paul on our liberties and the bipartisan police state.
To Repeal the Welfare State
Ron Paul on Tethered
Ron Paul on the state of the republic.
Ron Paul on US intervention in Lebanon.
Casualty of the War
Ron Paul on the economy.
Ron Paul on the housing bubble.
To Advance the Revolution?
First, educate yourself, says Ron Paul.
Ron Paul on medical marijuana.
Double Menace of Taxation
First they take it, then they spend it.
No, government has.
of the Fed
Ron Paul on US monetary policy.
Ron Paul's questions for Petraeus.
Truth About Earmarks
Even neocons can understand, when Ron Paul explains it.
Ron Paul on the emerging surveillance state.
and Other Federal Idiocies
Ron Paul on government failure.
Off Internet Gambling
Ron Paul on our freedoms under assault.
Expansion Is Aggression
Ron Paul explains to the neocons.
Ron Paul on the Litvinenko libel.
Inflation, and Government
Ron Paul on official counterfeiting.
Years of Aggression
Ron Paul on the Iraqi anniversary.
Torture, No Secret Prison Camps
And no police state.
Classic Ron Paul.
Ron Paul on an unconstitutional symbol of the depreciating buck.
Police State Is Always Illegitimate
Even when it is directed at Eliot Spitzer, says Ron Paul.
Meaning of $1,000 Gold
Ron Paul on the crimes of the Fed.
Ron Paul on more bipartisan tricks.
Fear Sovereign Wealth Funds
Fear the Fed, says Ron Paul.
Paul on Homeschooling
Can't Kill Your Way To Peace
Why Ron Paul was the one no vote.
Fed Is Killing Us
Ron Paul on monetary policy.
at Any Cost
Ron Paul on the price of war.
It's wrecking our economy.
Legalize Competing Currencies
Ron Paul on sound money.
Paul's Greatest Speech?
Until the inaugural, anyway.
Ron Paul stands for real prosperity.
Real Gold Standard
Ron Paul on the political and economic agenda for honest money.
Paul on the Unmentionable
If You Do, Bombed If You Don't
Ron Paul on the NIE on Iran.
the Terrorism Regime
Ron Paul on thought control and federal power.
Illegal Immigration and Border Security
on what to do, by Ron Paul.
Federal Taxes on Gasoline
Ron Paul on how to deal with higher prices.
True Cost of Taxing and Spending
Ron Paul runs the numbers.
the Milk Market
Ron Paul on ending restrictions on unpasteurized milk.
Cents Makes Sense
Ron Paul on what the Fed has done to our money.
Paul on foreign policy.
Ron Paul explains economics to the Joint Economic Committee.
Some of his important writings.
Trick and No Treat
Ron Paul on tax reform.
Fed Rate Cut
Ron Paul on another monetary disaster.
No sanctions, no foreign aid, no meddling.
Isolationism? Actually, Both
Paul on foreign policy.
Ron Paul on the American Freedom Restoration Act.
Ourselves to Death
Paul on the death tax vs. property rights.
Paul's Foreign Policy
It's the Framers', he explains to an attacking newspaper.
Taxes on Tips
A reform from Ron Paul.
Keep Your Hands Off
Ron Paul on children's health care.
the Fed Has Done to Us
Ron Paul on the Big Counterfeiter.
Should Not Be an Option
Ron Paul on the war.
the Malpractice Crisis Constitutionally
Ron Paul on unnecessary litigation.
Ron Paul on how to increase it.
Ron Paul on what to do about them.
Paul Debates the War
With libertarian Doug Casey, against neocons Dinesh D'Souza and
Ron Paul on how to handle it.
the Credit Markets Are a Mess
Ron Paul on the culprit.
Some of it is crazy even by federal standards.
Ron Paul on big government's best friend.
the True Isolationists
Ron Paul on the protectionists and warmongers.
Ron Paul on protecting health freedom.
Ron Paul on what it means, and what it should mean.
Our Troops Home Now
Ron Paul on why the Democrats are also wrong.
F. Sennholz, RIP
Ron Paul remembers a great economist.
Paul on the dangerous presidential signing statements.
Spirit of Independence
Ron Paul on how to recover it.
in the Stem-Cell Debate
The rights of taxpayers.
Paul Against Aggression
And lying war propaganda to justify it.
Paul on Non-Intervention
The original American foreign policy (YouTubes).
Paul on earmarks.
Ron Paul Economics Library
Here's where to start.
Paul's Summer Reading List
What you need to know.
out of Iraq.
It's a sell-out, says Ron Paul.
Ron Paul dissents from authoritarian government.
To End the War
Paul has a moderate plan.
Ron Paul on another DC fraud.
Hate Crime Laws
They threaten freedom.
Path Out of Iraq
First, Congress must admit its crime of giving the Executive war-making
power, says Ron Paul.
Ron Paul on the massacre that could have been stopped.
Ron Paul on the one easy step in getting out of Iraq.
Answer to Racism
Liberty, not government, says Ron Paul.
Most Dangerous Monopolist
Paul on the Federal Reserve.
Big Book of Crimes
Ron Paul on the 2008 federal budget.
Iraq Even Worse
Ron Paul on the Democrats.
Is the Enemy of Freedom
Ron Paul interviewed by Michael Shank.
No on More War Funding
says Ron Paul.
Blame the Market
For the housing bubble, says Ron Paul.
Original American Foreign Policy
Ron Paul on why it's still the right one.
Right To Keep and Bear Arms
Even (especially?) in DC.
Scandal of US Foreign Policy
And the scandal of Walter Reed.
the Fed Is Doing to the Economy
Ron Paul on Bernanke's mischief.
the war, stop threatening war, and bring the troops home now. Article
by Ron Paul.
Ron Paul advises President Bush.
And more, and more.
Glorifying Political Power
It's the enemy of the rule of law, says Ron Paul.
Supports the Troops
Let's move on to the real issues.
Depreciation and Killing
Ron Paul on inflation and war finance.
All Foreign Aid to Israel, Egypt, Jordan, et al.
That would be a contribution to peace, says Ron Paul.
Bush Pull an LBJ?
Will he phony up an Iranian Gulf of Tonkin incident?
Ron Paul on the escalations.
Welfare for Foreigners
Welfare for domestics is quite bad enough.
Need a Surge of Liberty
Not more tyranny of war, says Ron Paul.
Blame the Euro
Blame the Congress and the Fed, says Ron Paul.
Policy and the Prince of Peace
Or do they worship the Prince of War?
Washington Was Right
It's long past time to return to his foreign policy, says Ron Paul.
Foreign Policy a One-Man Show?
Yes, but that is unconstitutional.
It's monetary inflation, says Ron Paul.
To Abolish 'Selective Service'
Military slavery is always a pure evil.
Land of the Free Lunch
or ought to, miss Milton Friedman, says Ron Paul.
Entitlement State is Coming Down
Ron Paul on the demographic reality.
Gun Controllers Haven't Given Up
We must keep our powder dry, says Ron Paul.
And the Nafta superhighway.
Tax Cuts Cost the Government Money?
That is the wrong question, says Ron Paul.
Spending, and Debt
Ron Paul on the real issues.
Time to rethink it, says Ron Paul.
Our Health Care Woes
Dr. Ron Paul on the government disease.
and the Welfare State
Ron Paul on immigration.
for Immigration Reform
Now, says Ron Paul.
Government Always Fails
And must. Ron Paul on the Law of Opposites.
North American United Nations?
Ron Paul on another establishment scheme.
Paul vs. Ben Bernanke
On "plunge protection," fiat money, and the Fed.
To Cut Medical Costs?
Here's how, says Ron Paul.
With China, Yes
Subsidized trade, no.
Threat of Property Taxes
Especially rising ones.
Congress Can Do About High Gas Prices
Stop making war.
I Voted Against the Israeli Resolution
It's dangerous and wrong, says Ron Paul.
Yoke of the Fed
Ron Paul on the inflation tax.
Enemy, the Fed
Ron Paul on what it does to your savings.
for a New Declaration
Ron Paul on what we have forgotten.
Ron Paul on why the American people are so angry.
Having failed in the US, the disarmers try the UN.
Rejects UN Taxes
But not, unfortunately, US taxes.
Estate Tax Is a Social and Moral Evil
Abolish it, says Ron Paul.
Paul on the annual foreign-aid ripoff.
Ron Paul on the totalitarian animal ID system.
Commit the Crime
Ron Paul on avoiding war with Iran.
Ron Paul on the declining dollar and eroding personal savings.
at Gas Prices?
Look at US foreign and monetary policy, says Ron Paul.
Ron Paul on what Congress can do about them.
Only Worthwhile Foreign Aid
'Academic Bill of Rights'
a trick to suppress dissent on US foreign policy, says Ron Paul.
Sicker and Sicker Dollar
Ron Paul on what the gold price is telling us.
Is Not the Issue
The government's use of force is.
And no murderous sanctions either, says Ron Paul.
Money or Your Life
Ron Paul on April 15th.
Next Neocon Target
Ron Paul on Iran.
the Children of Illegal Aliens Be Citizens?
Stop "birthright citizenship," says Ron Paul.
Tribute to the Late Harry Browne
Ron Paul on a great libertarian.
the World Safe for Christianity
Perils of Economic Ignorance
And what to do about it.
'Emergency' Spending Bill
Nature of Government Debt
Those who borrow never repay.
Ron Paul on a UN scheme.
Sunshine to Mordor
Ron Paul on opening up Congress.
Port Security Controversy
Constitutionally, this is not the president's decision, says Ron
Ron Paul on Katrina relief, six months later.
the War Drums!
Ron Paul to the congressional Gene Krupas.
the US Hates Iraq, Iran, and Venezuela
Ron Paul on the end of dollar hegemony.
Real DC Scandal
Ron Paul on the Fed.
Is None of the Feds' Business
Same with all social policy, says Ron Paul.
Rules, Same Game
Ron Paul on congressional "reform."
Courts vs. Freedom
Ron Paul on the growth of government power.
Real DC Scandal
It's the leviathan state, says Ron Paul.
Symptom Not a Cause
Ron Paul on DC scandals.
and Prosperity in 2006?
Only if we limit the feds.
Ron Paul on domestic surveillance and the Patriot Act.
Proper American Foreign Policy
It would favor peace over war, trade over sanctions, courtesy over
arrogance, and liberty over coercion.
Do Rising Gold Prices Mean?
Less faith in the paper dollar.
Ron Paul on continuing Fed propaganda, and the antidote.
Ron Paul on another Republican fraud.
make me laugh.
Trouble With Federal Deposit 'Insurance'
And increasing it in the name of decreasing government spending.
FDA Suppresses Speech on Dietary Supplements
Paul wants health freedom.
Little, Too Late
Ron Paul on spendaholic conservatives and their talk of cutting
Evil of Foreign Aid
Ron Paul on a bipartisan scam.
Lies and Little Lies
Paul on the phony justifications for aggressive war.
Reisman Is Right
We need a free market in gasoline, says Ron Paul.
Stop the foreign-policy lunacy.
Stop pumping up the bubble!
the Pennies Off Dead Men's Eyes
Will the death tax ever be repealed?
Tax Reform Fraud
It's government spending we need to cut first, says Ron Paul.
Courts Are Political
Ron Paul on the Miers nomination.
We Stop Killing and Being Killed?
Ron Paul on leaving vs. staying.
Ron Paul on the DC spendathon.
Cat 5 Hurricane
Financial, that is.
Ron Paul on the response to Katrina.
Evil of Standing Armies
Ron Paul on "why we fight." And why we really do.
Things You're Not Supposed To Think About
Ron Paul on gasoline, taxes, and Middle East policy.
Ron Paul on the feds.
Ron Paul on the federal parasite.
Answer to Judicial Tyranny
Strip the federal courts of their power, as the constitution allows,
says Ron Paul.
and the Welfare State
Ron Paul on the nexus.
Make that the poison-sausage factory. Ron Paul on how federal edicts
are imposed on us.
Ron Paul vs. the Counterfeiter-in-Chief, 1997-2005.
the Police State
Ron Paul on the 4th anniversary of the Patriot Act.
Paul and Alan Greenspan
Mr. Sound Money vs. the Counterfeiter-in-Chief.
Start a Trade War With China
Ron Paul on the protectionist menace.
Expand the Police State
Ron Paul on the Patriot Act.
Party of Big Government
Ron Paul on the Republicans.
Ron Paul on how to stop it.
and the War on Supplements
Ron Paul on globalists together.
Should America Do For Africa?
Not have our politicians send their politicians our money, says
Have No Jurisdiction in 'Kelo'
Ron Paul on what the Supremes should have said, and the war on property.
Ron Paul on federal "mental health" screening for school
UN Cannot Be Reformed
Because it is inherently illegitimate, says Ron Paul.
Ron Paul's speech on the floor of Congress about the WTO.
To use it for conservative world government.
Government, Less Free Trade
Ron Paul on CAFTA.
The famed Q&A between Ron Paul and the Fed chairman, 1997-2004.
Ron Paul on federal funding of stem-cell research.
Ron Paul on dollar erosion.
Out of the WTO
We need free trade, not world government, says Ron Paul.
More Bank Bailouts
Not by the taxpayers.
Believe the Lies
About a "national ID." It is meant to control you, not
terrorism or illegal immigration, says Ron Paul.
the Patriot Act
Ron Paul on the federal powergrab and moneygrab.
Don't let the FDA restrict our dietary supplements, says Ron Paul.
Ron Paul wants to know.
Pro-Life and Pro-War
It doesn't work, Ron Paul tells conservatives.
And the hypocrites.
Ron Paul on John Paul II.
Iraqi People Are Worse Off
Despite administration propaganda, says Ron Paul.
It must be a matter of changing hearts, not an empowered central
state, says Ron Paul.
Ron Paul on the drunken-sailor spending.
Make You Poorer
Ron Paul tries to teach the Republicans a little economics.
Reform Is a Shell Game
Ron Paul on why Lew Rockwell is right.
Maestro Changes His Tune
Ron Paul on Alan Greenspan and gold.
Federal Trojan Horse
Ron Paul on the national ID.
Ron Paul on the totalitarian national ID.
In Iraq or America.
Feds Target Your Children
Don't let Bush give them mental exams, says Ron Paul.
Up the World
Ron Paul on US foreign policy.
No Soviet-like internal passports, please.
Evil of Government IDs
They make identity theft easy, says Ron Paul.
Private Charity for Tsunami Victims
Government "help" is evil on several levels.
Off the Electoral College
One of the remaining anti-democratic artifacts of the constitution.
America is far from immune, says Ron Paul.
Hate Us Because We Are Sooo Good'
Ron Paul on reality and Iraq.
Has NED Done in Ukraine?
That's the National Endowment for Democracy (Neocon Edifice of Dissimulation).
National (Socialist) ID Card
Down with it, says Ron Paul.
Exposed by gold.
Ron Paul on airport security bullies.
the Neocon Warmongers
Stay out of the Sudan's civil war, says Ron Paul.
Ron Paul on the alarming election and post-election.
Ron Paul on raising the debt limit.
Out of the Middle East
And stop all the foreign aid.
Ron Paul on Social Security.
Hail the Electoral College
The alternative, says Ron Paul, is mob rule.
Real Threat to National Security
Ron Paul on government debt.
Have a Plan
Never trust a politician with a plan, says Ron Paul.
the District of Columbia
Let the people be armed, says Ron Paul.
9/11 Stupidity Bill
More bureaucracy, more intervention, less freedom.
Draft Is Slavery
Reject it, always and everywhere, says Ron Paul.
With the Imperial Judiciary
Let's clip their wings, says Ron Paul.
the Constitution Be Saved?
Video of a congressional speech by Ron Paul.
Disastrous Federal Marriage Amendment
It's an attack on liberty and traditional values, says Ron Paul.
Ron Paul on Keynes's monstrosity (well, one of them).
the Constitution Be Saved?
Video of a congressional speech by Ron Paul.
the Federal Courts
let them usurp, says Ron Paul.
Therapeutic Nanny State
Ron Paul on the police state, child division.
Psychiatry comes in handy for our rulers.
the Federal ID Card
It's totalitarian, says Ron Paul.
Texas is, as usual, way ahead of the US.
Paul Interviewed By Brian Lamb
On the 9/11 Commission scam (video).
9/11 Commission Fraud
Ron Paul on another state charade.
Ron Paul on why 'safety' does not equal freedom.
Curb the judiciary, says Ron Paul.
Ron Paul on the public circuses called conventions.
and Free Trade
Ron Paul on what our relations ought to be with China and Taiwan
Ron Paul on yet another criminal venture by the US government.
Peace Candidate on the Ballot
Let's break up the two-party monopoly, says Ron Paul.
Welfare for the World
Ron Paul on another DC disaster.
of Your Business!
Ron Paul to the feds.
Vicious Tax on the Middle Class
Ron Paul on government spending.
Real Conservative Rating of Congress
The New American rates
the crooks and clowns of Capitol Hill. Needless to say, there is
only one hero: Ron Paul.
Ron Paul wants US independence.
From the UK Was Step One
Now we need freedom from the US.
Trouble With Forced Integration
Ron Paul on the unfortunate Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Can't the Republican Congress Stop Spending?
And act more like H.R. Gross.
Bush Welfare Scheme
Ron Paul on "zero-down" mortgages for the politically
War, and Presidential Powers
Ron Paul is Mr. Constitution.
Wages of Empire
Debt, debt, and more debt.
Same Old Middle-Eastern Baloney
Ron Paul on the axis of incompetence.
Ron Paul says No!
It's a false and dangerous choice, says Ron Paul.
to Foreign Aid
Ron Paul on the latest incarnation of this evil.
War on Drugs Is a War on Doctors
Ron Paul on the federal assault on people in pain and their physicians.
Start a War With Iran!
Ron Paul on the warmongering wackos.
the Con Game
Ron Paul on the abuse of prisoners in Iraq.
the Buck in Iraq
Are pfc's really the culprits?
3rd Party Payments
Paul on free-market medical care.
Lessons of 9/11
Ron Paul on why foreign meddling matters.
And their war on pain sufferers.
Ron Paul on constitution-violating judges.
Evening With Ron Paul
Steve Yates on the last real American in DC.
Ron Paul on the rotten Law of the Sea Treaty.
In fact, let's rethink the whole idea.
the Troops, Fine
But shut up about "victory."
Folly of Fed Interest Rates
Paul on the damage of Greenspanism.
Indecent Attack on the First Amendment
Ron Paul on the latest federal censorship scam.
Perennial Gift From Greenspan
It's alive and well, says Ron Paul.
Out of the Way
Ron Paul's advice to the government.
Federal Court Jurisdiction
On marriage, abortion, education, and a host of other issues, says
Old Black Magic
Ron Paul on Greenspan's machinations.
Stop ignoring the monetary shark in the water, says Ron Paul.
Feds Are a Bunch of Sick Puppies
Ron Paul on the war on pain relief.
Confesses to Ron Paul
The Fed has inordinate power.
Paul on Liberty
And a wise consistency for freedom.
a Brush Fire for Freedom
Paul is interviewed by John W. Whitehead.
the Face of an Executive Power Grab
Congress rolled over and played dead, says Ron Paul.
Ron Paul on the budget.
Ron Paul fights a totalitarian proposal.
Is this Bush's worst idea?
Ron Paul on Bush's y'all come immigration plan.
Social Security to Mexico
Paul on another Bushian outrage.
War on Religion
And the offensive against Christmas.
Peace in the Holy Land
It's especially sad at Christmastime, says Ron Paul.
To DeNationalize Peace
Ron Paul on the Geneva Accord.
The answer is gold, says Ron Paul.
The party of big government.
Imperialism and Socialism
Video of a speech by Ron Paul.
Crime of Conscription
Are the feds about to raise a slave army?
Ron Paul battles the Medicare monster.
Military Treats Its Cannon Fodder
Blame Other Countries
economic woes begin at home, says Ron Paul.
Stop threatening people for what they think and say.
Ron Paul on appropriations.
Pouring Money Down a Hole
Ron Paul on foreign aid.
One price of empire.
Sanctions Are Evil
And so are those who want to starve Syrians as they starved Iraqis.
Ron Paul on California.
Ron Paul on the National Endowment for Democracy.
We will pay dearly, says Ron Paul.
Also unconstitutional on the federal level, says Ron Paul.
Bucks in Baghdad
That's your money, says Ron Paul.
UN Gun Control
Ron Paul is Horatius at the bridge.
Billion? Not 87 Cents
Ron Paul on the costs
Ron Paul on two federal monstrosities.
Ron Paul on the chilling "continuity of government" proposal.
Ron Paul on the Bush spendathon.
It's the mother's milk of tyranny.
Money and Tyranny
Paul on the chilling connection.
We Afford To Occupy Iraq?
Not in any sense.
the Hangman, America
Ron Paul on Ashcroft's bizarre promo tour.
Look to Politics To Solve the Blackout
It's the problem, says Ron Paul.
Created by the federal courts.
for Drug Reimportation
It increases medical freedom, says Ron Paul.
Back Honest Money
Ron Paul on repealing legal tender.
Horrific Cost of Government
Ron Paul on Saddam Bushein and the taxayeen.
Trade in Pharmaceuticals
Ron Paul stands tall against protectionism.
Out of Liberia!
another unconstitutional fiasco in the making, says Ron Paul.
Some encouraging news from Ron Paul.
Us into War
Ron Paul on the phony justifications.
Ron Paul on the evil central bank.
of the Machiavellians
Ron Paul on the ex-conservative movement.
historic speech by Ron Paul on the followers of Trotsky, Strauss,
and Machiavelli who run the conservative movement, and the Bush
Banking, and the Federal Reserve
A video with Ron Paul, Hans-Hermann Hoppe, Joseph Salerno, and Lew
Strings From London
For chains from DC.
It's another slap at the Constitution, says Ron Paul.
The party of big government strikes again.
Tony Blair Deserve a Gold Medal?
Ron Paul on why it's a crime.
Ron Paul on free trade in pharmaceuticals.
Is To Blame
Ron Paul on the sainted Fed chairman.
Truth About Tax Credits
who should get them.
Up the Dictatorship
Ron Paul on the Continuity of Government Act.
Ron Paul on the unbearable cost of Iraq.
it be unconstitutional? Of course not, says Ron Paul.
It must proceed from proper principles, says Ron Paul.
Partial Birth Abortion Ban
Paul is for it, with grave reservations.
Republican Debt Monster
Ron Paul on conservative profligacy.
Federal Drug Bully
Ron Paul on unconstitutional DC meddling in state and local elections.
Phony Tax-Cut Debate
It's the total of government spending that counts, says Ron Paul.
Foreign Aids Scheme
So much for social conservatism among Republicans.
Law or UN Law
It's time, for once, for Congress to do its duty, says Ron Paul.
the UN Out of Iraq
And America too, says Ron Paul.
Rights and States Rights
The speech that has the NRA doing Karl Rove's bidding against Ron
This time, on gun control.
Paul vs. the UN
An interview with Thomas R. Eddlem.
With his partner in crime, the Republican Congress.
Ron Paul on war profiteers.
Censoring Religious Speech
Ron Paul tries to talk some sense to Congress.
Crazed fury at France and other countries endangers the world economy,
says Ron Paul.
Ron Paul also seeks to deny the usurping federal courts jurisdiction.
Medical Malpractice Mess
Ron Paul on solving it through the free market.
Has Wrecked the UN
It's a silver lining in the war cloud, says Ron Paul.
Paul Forges Antiwar Coalition
Right and left against mass murder.
Ron Paul on the myth of war prosperity.
the Federal Welfare State
It's an unconstitutional evil, says Ron Paul.
Ron Paul on the Bushian adventure.
‘Friends’ With Foreign Aid
Ron Paul on compassionate conservatism, international division.
Heroic Ron Paul
The Texas Observer is astonished to find an antiwar Republican.
for the Left and Right
And welfare for the world. Ron Paul on the Bush administration.
All Democrats Now'
Sorry, Mr. Franklin, says Ron Paul.
Taxes for the Rich
Cut taxes for everybody, says Ron Paul.
the Second Amendment
Ron Paul on gun rights.
Conscription is collectivism, says Ron Paul.
National ID Numbers
Ron Paul wants to stop federal SS abuse.
Ron Paul on the prospects for these twins in 2003.
Really Divides Us?
Ron Paul on the centralizing state.
Ron Paul on what the warmongers really mean.
Bad policy, bad medicine.
Idiotic Foreign Policy
It makes more trouble in the Middle East.
He is building the state at rates almost unprecedented.
As the feds make war on Iraq.
Isn't My Homeland
Ron Paul on the Homeland Security monster.
Ron Paul on the takeover of the homeland.
Should Prosecute the Snipers?
Not the power-mad central government.
Citizens Are a Public Good
Ron Paul on snipers, terrorism, and gun control.
War on Truth
Ron Paul on DC claims vs. reality, in the planned attack on Iraq.
War Violates the Constitution
Don't do it, says Ron Paul.
War Doom the Economy?
Ron Paul warns Congress not to allow the invasion.
Is a Political Disaster
Along with being a moral and economic calamity, says Ron Paul.
They are dangerous and un-American, says Ron Paul.
Paul introduces legislation to do exactly that.
That Won't Be Asked
About Iraq. Ron Paul has 35.
Militarism, No Socialism
Ron Paul on the recipe for peace, freedom, and prosperity.
Ron Paul tries to talk some sense to Congress.
About the 2nd War on Iraq
Paul wants them answered before the troops go in.
Make War on the Rule of Law
Paul on the planned aggression against Iraq.
Why does the US adhere to an IMF injunction against sound money?
Ron Paul wants to know.
Hard questions for Greenspan from Ron Paul.
Ron Paul on the disaster of US foreign policy.
for the State
Ron Paul on the Bushie Stasi.
Ron Paul wants to know: what about government accountability?
not, says Ron Paul. It's government that's the flop.
We Doomed To Be a Police State?
Paul on the anti-freedom ambitions of the feds.
listen to Scott Ritter instead, says Ron Paul.
Paul on why gold is the answer.
Peace and Freedom
Ron Paul against welfare and war.
Expand Federal Deposit 'Insurance'
Ron Paul warns the Congress.
Paul on why Daniel Webster was right.
Ron Paul and Peter DeFazio speak out against the FDA.
the One-Sided Mid-East Meddling
Paul speaks out.
Paul on FDR's rotten Export-Import Bank.
Your Taxes Too Low?
think so in DC, says Ron Paul.
feds aren't stopped from meddling domestically and internationally,
we face more war, taxes, inflation, spying, and other tyrannies.
Framers' Foreign Policy
had it just right.
the Middle East is no exception.
Out of the Middle East
Paul on a radical idea: what's in the American interest.
UN Tax Grab
Paul on the latest globalist trick.
Conscript the Kids
draft is slavery, plus killing.
Aggression Against Iraq
illegal, immoral, and dangerous, says Ron Paul.
Meddling in Ukraine
Paul has some advice for the feds.
Paul on Bush's vicious and dangerous tax increase on imported steel.
Truth About Government Debt
Paul on the deficit and the "surplus."
Out of Colombia
Paul on the next planned war.
Money, Not Fiat Money
no federal police state, says Ron Paul.
Us Out of the IMF
Paul on Keynes's rotten International Monetary Fund.
morally wrong, and it only endangers Americans.
Manipulating the Gold Price
Paul's message to the feds.
to Osama Bin Federal.
Is There So Much Money in Politics?
the rotten reach of politics is so broad and deep, says Ron Paul.
Truth About Enron
With World Government
its instrument, the WTO.
Case for Peace and Freedom
Paul on why we should not attempt to rule the world.
default, and the IMF.
This Be a 'War Year'?
Paul on the future of US foreign policy.
the US Attack Iraq Again?
Paul says No.
We Get the Despotic Draft
take congressmen first, says Ron Paul.
Paul condemns a dastardly idea.
we had to do was take George Washington's urgent counsel. Speech
by Ron Paul.
State vs. Doctors
Ron Paul's address to the graduating class at the University of
Texas Medical School-Houston.
Paul refutes a disastrous idea.
Paul had it right from the beginning.