Pearl Harbor 'Surprise'
by Chris Rossini: The
U.S. Has Perfected Good Cop / Bad Cop
more to the "date which will live in infamy" than the U.S. Dept.
of Education would like to you know about.
one of the most exalted Presidents in the land of the
free is FDR. Is there a town in this country that doesn't
have a street named after either of them?
to the Dept. of Education, FDR not only had the messianic task of
saving all of us from the ravages of "capitalism", but he had the
added burden of dealing with a "surprise" attack from a bunch of
crazy Japanese people.
those trying times that the greatness of an FDR is needed.
Give him three
terms if necessary!
Let's now close the schoolbooks, turn off PBS and The History Channel,
and come back to reality.
in his amazing work America's
Great Depression, crushed the first part of the fairy tale
into a fine powder.
Reserve created the boom/bust of the 1920's, and the Hoover/FDR
tag team turned, what should have been a short downturn, into
a tortuous and long "Great" one. Hoover got the ball rolling.
might have done nothing. That would have been utter ruin. Instead
we met the situation with proposals to private business and to Congress
of the most gigantic program of economic defense and counterattack
ever involved in the history of the Republic.”
FDR, then took over the grand experiment from the "laissez-faire"
Hoover and...well, you know the rest.
part of the FDR fairy tale was recently addressed in a great
talk given by Robert Higgs. I highly recommend that you
listen to the
whole thing, but I transcribed a few excerpts below.
away for the next time that you're debating a worshipper of one
of America's "Great" Presidents.
summary statements by George Victor. And, by the way, George Victor
is by no means a Roosevelt basher. It's the other way around. He
greatly admires Roosevelt and entirely approves of the actions Roosevelt
took to bring the United States into the war. So that's why I think
he makes a good source for my purposes. You know he didn't set out
to provide grist for my mill.
He has a very
nice book out called The
Pearl Harbor Myth, which I believe is completely honest
and well done in its documentation. I'm going to read a long excerpt
from that book by George Victor:
had already lead the United States into war with Germany in the
spring of 1941; into a shooting war on a small scale. From then
on, he gradually increased U.S. military participation. Japan's
attack on December 7th enabled him to increase it further and to
obtain a war declaration.
These facts, and
numerous others that point in the same direction, are for the most
part anything but new. Many of them have been available to the public
since the 1940's. As early as 1953, anyone might have read a collection
of heavily documented essays on various aspects of U.S. foreign policy
in the late 1930's and early 1940's, edited by Harry Elmer Barnes,
that showed the numerous ways in which the U.S. government bore responsibility
for the country's eventual engagement in World War II.
is more fully accounted for as the end of a long chain of events,
with the U.S. contribution reflecting a strategy formulated after
France fell in the spring of 1941. In the eyes of Roosevelt and
his advisors, the measures taken early in 1941 justified a German
declaration of war on the United States; a declaration that did
not come, to their disappointment.
told his Ambassador to France, William Bullet, that U.S. entry
into war with Germany was certain, but must wait for an incident,
which he was confident the Germans would give us. Establishing
a record in which the enemy fired the first shot was a theme that
ran through Roosevelt's tactics.
eventually to have concluded, correctly as it turned out, that
Japan would be easier to provoke into a major attack on the United
States than Germany would be.
that Japan attacked the United States without provocation was
typical rhetoric. It worked because the public did not know that
the administration had expected Japan to respond with war; to
anti-Japanese measures it had taken in July 1941. Expecting to
lose a war with the United States, and lose it disastrously, Japan's
leaders had tried with growing desperation to negotiate. On this
point, most historians had long agreed.
evidence has come out that Roosevelt and Hull persistently refused
to negotiate. Japan offered compromises and concessions, which
the United States countered with increasing demands. It was after
learning of Japan's decision to go to war with the United States,
if the talks "break down" that Roosevelt decided to break them
to Attorney General, Francis Biddle, Roosevelt said he hoped for
an incident in the Pacific to bring the United States into the
in short, that the Roosevelt administration wanted to get the country
into the war and worked craftily, along various avenues, to ensure
that sooner or later it would get in; preferably in a way that would
unite public opinion behind the war, by making the United States appear
to have been the victim of an aggressor's unprovoked attack.
of War, Henry Stimson, testified after the war:
needed the Japanese to commit the first overt act."
At present, however,
70 years after these events. Probably not 1 American in 1,000; maybe
not 1 in 10,000 has an inkling of any of this history. So effective
has been the pro-Roosevelt, pro-American, pro-World War II faction,
that in this country it has utterly dominated teaching and popular
writing about U.S. engagement in the so-called "Good War"...
knew, among many other things, what Foreign Minister Toyota had
communicated to Ambassador Nomura on July 31st. I read from that
and economic relations between Japan and third countries, led by
England and the United States, are gradually becoming so horribly
strained that we cannot endure it much longer. Consequently, our
Empire, to save its very life, must take measures to secure the
raw materials of the South Seas."
This was a
message U.S. leaders read as of the end of July 1941. They knew
the position Japan was in perfectly well. Because American cryptographers
had also broken the Japanese naval code, the leaders in Washington
also knew that Japan's measures would include an attack on Pearl
Harbor. Yet, they withheld this critical information from the Commanders
in Hawaii, who might have headed off the attack or prepared themselves
better to defend against it.
That Roosevelt and his chieftains did not ring the toxin,
makes perfect sense. After all, the impending attack constituted
precisely what they had been seeking for a long time.
confided to his diary, after a meeting with the War Cabinet on November
question was how we should maneuver them into firing the first shot
without allowing too much danger to ourselves."
After the attack
occurred, Stimson confessed that:
first feeling was of relief, that a crisis had come in a way which
would unite all our people."
has been the policy of the cabinet at almost all cost to avoid
embroilment with Japan until we were sure that the United States
would also be engaged.” ~ Winston Churchill to
The British House of Commons on Jan. 27, 1942
with permission from Economic
Economic Policy Journal