Chiropractor Looks at the Zapruder Film
by Ralph Cinque: Head
Shot: A Physicist Examines the Kennedy†Assassination
Tuesday, November 22, will be the 48th anniversary of
the murder of President Kennedy. I hope that a lot will be said
and written about it. And to the Occupy folks in Dallas, I really
think they should move their occupation over to Dealey Plaza. Occupy
Dealey Plaza because what happened in Dealey Plaza in 1963 has more
to do with all that is wrong in America today than anything that
ever happened on Wall Street.
I have been
a student of the JFK assassination for a long time, and I have read
a lot of books about it, most recently JFK:
Analysis of a Shooting by Orlando Martin, who looked at
it from his perspective as an expert on ballistics and firearms.
Another was Head
Shot: The Science Behind the JFK Assassination by G. Paul
Chambers, who looked at it from his perspective as a physicist.
But now, to
commemorate the assassination, I want to look at the Zapruder film
from my perspective as a chiropractor.
Note that there
is a lot controversy, even among conspiracy buffs, about the proper
interpretation of the Zapruder film. And, some analyses delve into
very minute and arcane elements of it. But, I intend to skip the
minutia and just look at the broad, basic elements of it. I mean
the things that stand out to the naked eye upon one viewing. They
really tell you all that you need to know to draw valid conclusions.
There is a
convenient dividing point in the Zapruder film: the Stemmons freeway
sign, which temporarily puts the limousine out of view. Before the
limousine passes behind that sign, President Kennedy is waving and
smiling at the crowd, and it appears that all is well. So, letís
assume it is. And then, as soon as the limo emerges from behind
the sign, his hands go up to his neck, and he is obviously in distress,
and it is from having been shot. Thatís very clear. There is no
other reason why his hands would go up like that. Something happened
to his neck, and that something is that he got shot. Itís not like
he was snacking and starting choking on some food. Nobody is suggesting
that. Everybody, on all sides of the debate, agrees that he is reacting
to having been shot. To put a number on it, we are talking about
frame 225 in the Zapruder film.
It will be
helpful if you go to http://assassinationresearch.com/zfilm/
and bookmark it. It has every frame of the Zapruder film as stills.
So go to that page and click on the box that says 225, and youíll
see Kennedyís hands starting to go up. That is the first visible
sign of his reaction to having been shot. You will notice also that
Jackie is looking directly at him. She must have been aware that
something was wrong.
viewing the successive stills, say, through 235. What you see is
that he continues raising his hands up, and not just his hands,
but also his arms. His elbows are out, so really, he is raising
and lifting his entire upper extremity, on both sides. A lot of
muscles have to be working in order to do that. Notice also that
he is not leaning backward against the seatback. He is sitting upright
and unsupported, or I should say, self-supported. If anything, he
is leaning slightly forward. Whether his jacket is touching the
back of the seat at all, I really canít tell, but what I can tell
from his overall inclination, is that he is supporting his own weight.
He is, as we say, "standing on his sit-bones" which refers
to the ischial tuberosities. He is supporting his own weight against
gravity. He is not leaning against anything.
And in that
series from 225 to 235, look at his "head/neck relationship."
Itís good. Posturally speaking, itís very good. There are millions,
and perhaps billions, of people who donít have that good a head/neck
relationship even when they havenít been struck by a bullet. What
I am referring to is the balance, symmetry, and coordination between
his head and his neck, and itís very good.
the head does not sit squarely on the neck like a pumpkin on a pole.
It doesnít just plop there like a heavy weight compressing the spine.
There is a very small pivot point between the head and neck (the
atlanto-occipital junction) and two-thirds of the weight of the
head is forward of that small articulation, and only one-third is
behind it. So, with optimal functioning, there is a natural forward
inclination of the head in relation to the neck. And, itís very
important because it takes the weight of the head off the spine,
allowing the neck to lengthen, and it also fosters mobility. Through
proper muscular balance, the head is suspended freely in front
of the neck in a fluid, mobile, and coordinated way. That is what
is called a good head/neck relationship, and that is what you see
But, many people
have a faulty head/neck relationship, and it because, over time,
they become contracted and shortened and tightened, and they habitually
pull their head back and lock it onto the neck effectively freezing
the whole mechanism. But again, Kennedy was doing very well in that
respect even in the midst of everything that was happening to him.
Through it all, he was maintaining excellent head/neck coordination.
Now, how does
that relate to the official story? Well, the official story is that
Kennedy was shot in the back of the neck with a big, fat, high-powered
bullet that went coursing through his neck from back to front, exiting
his body right below his Adamís apple, and turning his body into
a veritable donut. Keep in mind that having your body traversed
by a bullet is always a dangerous thing, but some places are more
dangerous than others, depending on whatís there. The neck is a
very bad place for it to happen. Obviously, a bullet going through
your head or your heart would be worse because that would kill you
instantly. But, the neck is probably the third worst place for it
to happen. And thatís because of whatís there. Youíve got the spinal
cord there. And considering how central the shot was, I donít see
how it could have missed the spinal cord.
allegedly, exited the front of his neck right in the center dead
center. And it, allegedly, (according to Arlen Specter and Gerald
Ford) entered the back of his neck a little to the right of center.
There is controversy about that, and there is solid evidence, including
photographic evidence, that the back entry wound was much lower.
But for now, we are going with the official story, which is that
the bullet entered the back of his neck and exited the front of
So, it was
a very central course, and we know what is in the center of the
neck: the spinal cord. And the course must have been central because
if it had been lateral, there are major blood vessels there, the
carotid arteries and the jugular veins, and if any of them had been
hit, he would have lost blood pressure to his brain and collapsed
right away from circulatory failure. There is no way he would have
remained sitting and supporting his weight never mind with above-average
postural balance and neuromuscular integrity. No, his major blood
vessels were definitely not ruptured, which means that the bullet
would have had to have gone down the middle and cut through the
So, with such
an injury, how was he able to continue to sit there? We all know
what happened to Christopher Reeve when he fell off a horse and
broke his neck and severed his spinal cord. He immediately, instantly
lost consciousness, and he would have died very soon thereafter
if not for rapid and heroic medical and surgical intervention.
And letís consider
that such a bullet would also have demolished Kennedyís voice box.
Nellie Connally, the wife of Governor Connally, who was riding with
her husband in the jump seat in front of the Kennedys, told the
Warren Commission that after being shot, JFK said "My God!
Iím hit!" Could he have said that if he was injured in the
Keep in mind
that the fatal head shot didnít come until much later: Zapruder
frame 313. You can see it plain as day: a big red explosion at his
right temple. But, from 225 to 312, Kennedy goes on sitting there
and supporting his weight and staying in rather good postural balance.
He leans towards Jackie some, but hey, he was hurting, and she was
his wife. Thatís what people do when theyíre hurt; they seek comfort
from someone they know. And he is also leaning more forward; you
could say that he is slumping some. But still, his head/neck relationship
isnít bad. There is still good continuity there. His head is leading,
and his body is following, which is how it should be. No way has
this guy had a bullet pass clear through his neck. No way, no how,
no chance. It isnít even debatable.
Iíll tell you
what: if there is pathologist or neurologist or any other kind of
qualified doctor who wants to make the case that Kennedyís actions
and responses, what we can see on the Zapruder film, particularly
his neuromuscular responses and his postural performance, after
being shot are consistent with having had a 6.5 mm full-metal, jacketed,
military round traverse his neck from back to front, Iíll post it
on my website. That I would like to read.
when Arlen Specter came up with the Single Bullet Theory, the public
had not yet seen the Zapruder film. And, there was no intention
of making it public. But, it eventually came out, and the first
television showing was in 1975. But, that was twelve years after
the assassination. Would they have ever tried to claim the single
bullet theory if the Zapruder film had been widely shown immediately?
I donít see how. Until the fatal head shot which blew his brains
out, Kennedy looks too good. He functions too well. His body, his
whole organism, is working too well. Nothing was cut between his
head and his neck. All the channels of communication were working.
Thatís obvious. He would have been incapacitated, but he wasnít.
Have you any
idea how ridiculous, how totally ludicrous and whacky it is to suggest
that Kennedy could go on sitting there, breathing, talking, supporting
his weight, maintaining his balance, his blood pressure, his muscle
control, and even his posture, with a bullet hole tunneled through
his neck from back to front? It is insane.
But now, letís
look at Connally because he was part of the Single Bullet Theory
as well. Supposedly, the bullet that exited Kennedyís neck impacted
Connally and went right through his rib cage and out his chest,
and at the speed it was travelling, it would have been virtually
simultaneous. We should see Connally reacting at the same moment
Go back to
Zapruder 225. Kennedy is raising his hands, so he has been hit,
and Connally is turning a little to the right. Connally said that
he turned to the right not because he was hit but because
he had heard the sound of gunfire which seemed to come from behind
his right shoulder. So, he turned to check it out, and thatís all
that was going on with him at the time. Thatís what he claimed,
and thatís how it appears.
that went through Connally was a powerful blast. Consider that after
traversing him, it, allegedly, still had enough energy left to strike
his wrist and demolish his radius, which is a thick, heavy bone,
a veritable club. So, we would expect a force like that to impact
him in a big and noticeable way.
So for Connally,
we are looking for two things: a reaction in his face, and a reaction
of his body.
As I view 225
to 235, Connally turns to his right and then turns back to center,
but there is no sign of any disturbance in him. In his face, he
doesnít seem to be acting out, but I admit that I canít see his
face that well. So, I have to rely primarily on the movement of
his body, and there is nothing irregular about it. There is nothing
startling. There is no break. He does not seem to have been impacted
But then, there
is a break. But, first note that he is holding the blue Stetson
hat the whole time. Would a man who was already blasted through
his chest on the right side continue to hold his hat in his right
234 to 236. I am skipping 235 just for the sake of clarity, but
you can look at that too if you want. But, what you see in 236 is
that Connally is suddenly twisting to the right; his left shoulder
is pinched, raised; his right shoulder is depressed. He is turning
to the right, and he is also laterally bending to the right. He
is getting gnarled up. This is happening very fast. Each frame of
the Zapruder film covers just 1/18 of a second, but the frames start
changing distinctly from one frame to the next.
frame 236 and then enlarged it. And when you do that, you can see
that there is a change in the countenance of Connallyís face. His
mouth is open; he looks startled. Posturally, this is a man who
is under extreme tension. He is really a mess posturally at this
point. The balance, the equilibrium in his shoulders is completely
lost. He looks agitated, discombobulated, flurried. It is in stark
contrast to the preceding frames.
From that point
on, he is moving rapidly. Each succeeding frame, 237, 238, 239,
show him continuing to turn and twist. He keeps turning until he
is facing the car door. He has turned 90 degrees by this point.
And clearly, he is preoccupied with himself; he is not focused on
Kennedy. By 255, he has passed the horizontal axis, and he may be
able to see Kennedy. And it looks like has his left hand on top
of the door, helping to support himself. He keeps turning around,
and by 271, he appears to be looking at Kennedy. And, he looks at
Kennedy for a good long while. Click through it frame by frame and
290, Connally starts turning back around from whence he came. And
at the same time, he starts leaning backwards, like heís having
trouble sitting up. Itís like he is falling into his wife, and he
is falling into his wife. Take a close look at the frames after
290. He is falling into Nellie with a pained look on his face. Thatís
another break. To me, that indicates when a separate bullet impacted
By 300, he
is leaning back into her markedly, and his mouth is wide open. And
if you canít see it clearly, you can tell that his mouth is open
by the tractioning of his cheeks. At this point, he is totally absorbed
with what is happening to himself and not to Kennedy. Frame 304
is a very clear shot. You can see that his mouth is open. He is
in pain. He is probably audibly moaning and crying. Nellie is pulling
him in close. At this point, Connally seems more incapacitated than
Then, the head
shot hits Kennedy at exactly frame 313 with a big explosion at his
right temple, and he goes back and to the left not just his head,
but his whole body. And he goes limp. He is totally out of it. And
from then on, in the still frames, Connally and his wife are very
much blurred, and I suspect itís because the limo speeded away.
Many reported that prior to the head shot, the limousine slowed
to a crawl. Some said it came to a complete stop. But after the
fatal head shot, it accelerated immediately and rapidly. It looks
like Connally and his wife are ducking down as best they can. Then
there is a long sequence involving Jackieís trek across the limo
and the Secret Service agent going to her aid, which put the Connallys
completely out of view. And after that, the limo is speeding away
so rapidly and at great enough distance that there is no discerning
anything about the Connallys.
So, what do
we make of all this? First, note that Connallyís chief thoracic
surgeon, Dr. Robert Shaw, said that it was mostly likely frame 236
in which Connally first reacted to being hit. Here is his exact
testimony from the Warren Report:
Dr. Shaw, have you had an opportunity today here in the Commission
building to view the movies which we referred to as the Zapruder
movies and the slides taken from these movies?
Dr. SHAW Yes.
Mr. SPECTER And what, if any, light did those movies shed on your
evaluation and opinions on this matter with respect to the wounds
of the Governor?
Dr. SHAW Well, my main interest was to try to place the time that
the Governor was struck by the bullet which inflicted the wound
in his chest. This meant trying to carefully examine the position
of the Governor's body in the car so that it would fall in line
with what we knew the trajectory must be for this bullet coming
from the point where it has been indicated it did come from. And
in trying to place this actual frame that these frames are numbered
when the Governor was hit, my opinion was that it was frame number,
let's see, I think it was No. 36.
Mr. SPECTER Ė You mean, 236?
Dr. SHAW Ė Yes, 236, give or take a frame or two. 235, 236, 237.
Whatís my take?
Well, I couldnít agree with him more. 236 is where the break occurs.
That is where Connally first reacts, facially and posturally, and
it is a very sudden break.
So, if Dr.
Shaw is right, that Connally did not react until 236, whereas Kennedy
was clearly reacting already by 225, it is a definite disconnect.
We really donít know when Kennedy began to react because he was
concealed by the freeway sign until 225. But, he was definitely
reacting as he emerged from behind the sign at 225.
So, that means
that there is no way on Godís green Earth that Kennedy and Connally
were reacting to the same bullet not at the speed it would have
been travelling. For all practical purposes, it would have been
instantaneous. That interval between 225 and 236 is proof-positive
that they were hit at separate times by separate bullets.
What does this
mean for the current status of the Kennedy assassination? It means
that we are living in a bizarro world. Black is white; up is down;
in is out. The official story has become so ludicrous, whacky, and
incredulous, and the evidence against it has become so indomitable
and overwhelming, that it borders on insanity to continue believing
it. The Kennedy assassination has become the elephant in the room,
the emperor with no clothes. And I predict that as time passes,
the mainstream media will withdraw completely from defending it.
They will only speak about it in general terms. They will get psychologists
to address the sociology, that is, the patho-sociology, of the JFK
truth movement as they do with the 9/11 truth movement. But, they
are not going to sit down and debate particulars with the likes
of Mark Lane, Jim Marrs, Orlando Martin, James Douglass, Phillip
Nelson, Paul Champers or other Kennedy researchers. "Shut up,
and believe what youíre told." That, in essence, will be all
theyíll have to say.
November 16, 2011
Cinque [send him mail]
has worked as a chiropractor, nutritionist, and health spa operator.
© 2011 by LewRockwell.com. Permission to reprint in whole or in
part is gladly granted, provided full credit is given.